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This fee, however, remained unsurpassed for more than four years. Premier League clubs have been increasingly successful at attracting foreign players, particularly since the removal of the limit on fielding players from common market countries in the mid s.
Despite the dominance of Manchester United for most of the Premier League era, a number of other clubs have enjoyed considerable success since The first team to interrupt Manchester United's dominance were Blackburn Rovers, who won the third Premier League title by a single point in They had only returned to the top flight of English football in , in time for the new league's formation, after a year exile, bankrolled by the wealth of steel baron owner Jack Walker , who had enabled Blackburn to compete for some of the best players in English football.
However, Blackburn failed to remain competitive with the best English clubs, their only subsequent major trophy being the League Cup in , and they have never finished higher than sixth in the Premier League since their title triumph.
They endured a two-year exile from the Premier League after being relegated in , and since their second relegation in they have still yet to gain promotion.
On the first two occasions, they completed the double of the league title and FA Cup, while on the third occasion they won the title without losing a single league game all season.
Chelsea made history in when they won the FA Cup under Dutch manager Ruud Gullit , the first foreign manager to win a major trophy in English football.
Mourinho was in charge for more than three years until his sudden departure from the club in September , before returning for a second spell as manager six years later which lasted two years before getting sacked in December In the interim, Chelsea were managed by seven different managers over the course of six seasons, but continued to win trophies on a regular basis.
Manchester City , bankrolled since August by wealthy Arab owners, ended their year wait for a major trophy by winning the FA Cup in , and then won their first league title in 44 years the following season, both under the management of Italian coach Roberto Mancini.
His Chilean successor Manuel Pellegrini became the first non-European manager to win a major trophy in English football when he guided City to the Premier League title and the League Cup in After narrowly avoiding relegation the previous season, outsiders Leicester City won an unprecedented league title in , having never previously won the top flight title.
The winning squad was worth just one-tenth of that of Manchester City's. Leeds United, the last champions of English football before the creation of the Premier League, played in the first 12 seasons of the Premier League, peaking at third place in , before being relegated in in the midst of a serious financial crisis which was the direct result of heavy spending on players in the previous few seasons and a failure to net the extra revenue that successful challenges for domestic and European silverware would have brought them.
They have yet to return to the Premier League more than a decade later, and even spent three seasons in the league's third tier.
A spectacular decline in similar circumstances also befell Portsmouth , who reached the Premier League in and stayed there for seven seasons, lifting the FA Cup in The South Coast club were relegated from the Premier League at the end of the —10 season, having become the first club at this level to enter administration , and were deducted nine points at a result.
In , a third relegation in four seasons saw them relegated to the league's fourth tier for the first time in 35 years. Since the creation of the Premier League, a number of England's leading clubs have relocated to new stadiums.
After several smaller clubs adopted this approach rather than update their ageing homes in the late s and early s, newly promoted Middlesbrough became the first top flight club to relocate to a new stadium when they moved into the Riverside Stadium for the —96 season, ending a year residence of Ayresome Park.
Two years later, Middlesbrough's north-east rivals Sunderland left their historic Roker Park home for the new 42,seat Stadium of Light which has since been expanded to hold nearly 50, seated fans on the banks of the River Wear.
A number of clubs who initially chose to convert their existing homes into all-seater stadiums went on to relocate to new stadiums to gain a larger capacity from the turn of the 21st century, particularly those who had progressed throughout the league and attracted a higher demand for tickets since the early s.
Southampton relocated to St Mary's Stadium in after more than years at The Dell , with their new 32,seat stadium holding more than twice as many fans as their previous home had during its final years, as an all-seater stadium.
Having originally decided to stay at Maine Road , which was redeveloped to hold 35, seated fans by , Manchester City moved into the City of Manchester Stadium built for the previous year's Commonwealth games at the start of the —04 season.
Arsenal had converted Highbury into an all-seater stadium capable of holding just under 39, fans by , but within five years the club's owners had decided that such a capacity was inadequate and, after local residents objected to any expansion of Highbury parts of which were listed structures and a bid to buy Wembley Stadium from the Football Association was rejected, decided to build a new stadium at nearby Ashburton Grove.
Their new stadium, the Emirates Stadium , was completed in time for the —07 season, holding more than 60, spectators. Wembley Stadium had been converted to an all-seater format by , but its capacity was reduced to 78, from its previous capacity of , By the mid s, plans were afoot for refurbishment or complete reconstruction of the stadium.
The eventual plan was for the old stadium to be demolished and a completely new 90,seat stadium to be built in its place.
The old stadium finally closed in October and it was anticipated that the new stadium would be completed in , but a series of delays meant that demolition of the old stadium did not take place for two years after the last game was played, and the new Wembley was not opened until March Since its founding, however, many other leagues have been founded in England.
Sunday leagues are played each weekend by clubs, the study made by the FA sees to this. Over the years there has been an increasing effort to link all these leagues together in a Pyramidal structure allowing promotion and relegation between different levels.
The primary motivation for this drive is to maintain the possibility that any club in England may dream of one day rising to the very top, no matter what status they currently hold.
In a study made by FIFA in there are around 40, clubs registered with the FA, which is 11, more than any other country, the closest being the Brazilian Football Confederation who have 29, registered clubs.
Even without taking relative population into account, England has more football clubs than any other country in the world. The Premier League was founded in after England's top clubs broke away from the Football League in a successful effort aimed at increasing their income at the expense of clubs in the lower divisions.
Links with The Football League were maintained, and each season the bottom three clubs are relegated from the Premier League and replaced by the top three from the Championship.
The Premier League is contested between 20 clubs each season. Each club in the Premier League in any given season owns one twentieth of a share in the league itself, meaning that they are all supposedly equal owners with equal rights and responsibilities.
Bobby Zamora English footballer and Obafemi Martins Nigerian footballer are the only two players who have scored penalties with both their feet in the Premier League .
Despite the organisational split, promotion and relegation of clubs still takes place between the Premier League and the EFL.
This term can be confusing, as it refers to those clubs outside the EFL, although they still play in organised league competitions. In recent years, the top few levels have been consolidated into the National League System , operated by the FA.
Most clubs in the top flight of the NLS, the National League division , are fully professional; the remainder are semi-professional.
There is promotion and relegation between League Two and the National League, and for several levels below that, although this becomes more irregular further down the league system.
The non-League system is often known as the "pyramid", because the number of leagues at each level begins to increase the further down through the levels, with each league covering a smaller geographic area.
Although the FA abandoned a formal definition of "amateur" in the early s, the vast majority of clubs still effectively play as amateurs, with no financial reward and the leagues are not part of the National League System.
The various County Football Associations , which are based roughly on the historic county boundaries , are the local governing bodies of football in England.
They govern all aspects of Sunday league football. Not all County Football Associations are run on county basis. Each armed service has one, for instance such as the Army Football Association which administers football within the British Army.
Sunday league football in England tends to be lower level amateur football, which is also sometimes referred to as Pub League due to the number of public houses who field teams in Sunday leagues.
Each local County Football Association governs all aspects of Sunday league football. Smaller-sided versions of the game such as Five-a-side football are popular.
Futsal is also a growing sport in England. These are often played informally, but there are many competitive small-sided leagues running across the country.
The top division for reserve teams of professional clubs is the Premier Reserve League , which was founded in and is split into Premier Reserve League North and Premier Reserve League South, both with ten participating teams.
The Central League was formed in and currently has 28 teams, split into three divisions — Central, North and South.
The winners of each division and the best runner-up compete in the end-of-season play-offs to decide the league champions. Whilst the Central League is for Football League reserve teams, The West Division contains a Manchester City side which uses a mix of reserve team and youth team squad players and in —08 they were Central League champions.
The Football Combination was formed in and currently has 30 teams. Whilst the majority of teams are Football League reserve teams, the Combination also currently has the reserve teams of three Conference clubs — Forest Green Rovers , Lewes ,and Salisbury City.
The Football Combination also organises the Combination Challenge Cup, although not all clubs enter the cup. There is no promotion and relegation between the reserve team leagues.
When a first team is relegated from the Premier League, their reserve team withdraws from the Premier Reserve League to either of the other two leagues and is replaced by the reserve team of the club promoted from the Championship.
Below the professional club reserve leagues, many clubs also operate reserve teams, which play in separate Reserve leagues, such as the Lancashire League.
Some lower leagues, such as the North West Counties Football League organise their own reserve leagues. And, at some lower levels of the pyramid, reserve teams play against first teams.
Many club sides have youth teams. The top level of youth football is the Premier Academy League , founded in , which is for all Premier League and Football League clubs that have Academy sides.
The league, which currently has 40 clubs, is divided into four groups each with ten teams. The winners of each group contest the end-of-season play-offs to decide the league champions.
The second tier youth league is the Football League Youth Alliance , also founded in , in which those Football League clubs that have Centres of Excellence status field their youth teams.
The league, which currently has 58 clubs, is divided into four regional conference leagues. Over clubs enter the FA Youth Cup each season.
There are several cup competitions for clubs at different levels of the football pyramid. The number of English clubs playing in Europe in any one season can range from seven to nine, depending on the qualification scenarios.
Currently, England is awarded the following places in European competitions:. A number of Welsh clubs play in the English league system. Prior to , these clubs, as members of the Football Association of Wales , were entitled to enter the Welsh Cup , and thus eligible to take the European place that came with winning the competition.
However, from onwards, these clubs were prevented from taking part, which meant that they would no longer be able to claim a European place representing Wales.
However, these clubs remained as members of the FAW, meaning that it was unclear whether they would be eligible to claim one of England's European places in the event that they met the qualifying criteria.
This was not a major issue as for many years the Welsh clubs were in the lower divisions of the Football League and tended not to make the latter stages of either the FA or League Cups.
However, in , Cardiff City reached the final of the FA Cup, which led to UEFA and the Football Association needing to reach a consensus on the club being one of England's representatives in the event of them winning the competition this became moot as they lost the FA Cup Final.
UEFA stated that there would be no bar to Cardiff City or Swansea City being eligible for one of England's places; at the same time however they prevented the FAW from offering the European place for winning the Welsh Cup to teams playing in the English league system the FAW had invited the six clubs playing in England to participate in the —12 Welsh Cup , and had hoped to persuade UEFA to allow them to give these clubs the right to claim the European place.
The England national football team represents England in international football. It is one of the two oldest national football teams in the world, the other one being Scotland.
England is one of only eight national teams to have won the World Cup and did this in They are one of the more prominent teams on the global stage, rarely dropping outside of the top ten rankings of both FIFA and Elo.
They were the most successful of the Home Nations in the British Home Championship with 54 wins including 20 shared wins before the competition was suspended in There are also a number of other national teams from the Under team to the Under team , the latter of which is considered to be a feeder team for the national team.
In addition there is an England B team which occasionally plays games as support for the national team. They compete annually in the Four Nations Tournament as well as in friendly matches throughout the year.
The first recorded women's football match in England was more than years ago. Women's football was very popular for many years, but it was stopped by a ban made by the Football Association from to As with the men's game, the league is organised into a pyramid system.
Unlike the men's pyramid and the lower levels of the women's pyramid, there will be no promotion from or relegation to the former top level, the FA Women's Premier League National Division , until at least the end of the WSL season.
Fulham LFC were for a number of years the top club in England and were the first club in Europe to turn professional in before reverting to semi-professional in Before the launch of the WSL, Everton won the league title once and were runners-up twice.
Wembley Stadium is the national stadium in England. It is also the largest stadium in the country with a capacity of 90, Old Trafford with a capacity of 76, is the largest club stadium, with the Emirates Stadium holding 60, and St James' Park holding 52, All Premier League clubs play in all-seater stadiums.
Most professional clubs have either moved to new purpose-built stadiums or redeveloped their stadium. Even at non-league level there have been big improvements with the likes of New Bucks Head the home of Telford United with a capacity of 6,, being one of the best in non-league and Princes Park with a capacity of 4,, the home of Dartford , one of the most ecologically sound ever built.
Coventry City 's home ground of the Ricoh Arena was a council-built stadium originally owned jointly by City Council and the Alan Edward Higgs Charity , but it has since been purchased by the rugby union club Wasps.
The 92 Club is a society, to be a member of which, a person must attend a football match at the stadium of every current Premier League and Football League club in England and Wales.
The following articles detail the major results and events in each season since —72, when the first organised competition, the FA Cup, was created.
Seasons in italics are wartime seasons, when official national competition was suspended, although regional football continued. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Football in England The England national team playing at Wembley. History of football in England , Timeline of English football , History of the English football league system , and History of the England national football team.
English football league system. English football clubs in international competitions. England national football team.
Women's football in England. List of English football stadiums by capacity. Retrieved 31 July Archived from the original on 18 April Retrieved 16 October Football in Medieval England and Middle-English literature.
The American Historical Review, vol 35, No. Football, the First Hundred Years: The Untold Story of the People's Game. Archived from the original on 11 December Retrieved 9 October Encyclopaedia of British Football.
The Times of India. Retrieved 15 October Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 13 August A History of Britain in the s.
Policing and the War on the 'English Disease' pp Archived from the original PDF on 29 June Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 24 January Archived from the original on 24 January Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 24 September Men's football in England.
List of County Cups. Reserve and youth football Defunct leagues Defunct cups. List of clubs List of clubs by honours won Current managers Stadiums by capacity Record home attendances.
Venues Competitions Trophies and awards History Records. FA Women's National League. Football in the United Kingdom. England Northern Ireland Scotland.
Retrieved from " https: The top tier of non-League football is the National League. It contains a national division National League of 24 clubs Level 5 , and is the lowest level with a single nationwide league.
Some of these clubs are full-time professional and the others are semi-professional. Below the National League, some of the stronger clubs are semi-professional, but continuing down the tiers, soon all the clubs are amateur.
Lower-level leagues also tend to cater for progressively smaller geographic regions. Next down from the National League are three regional leagues, each associated with different geographical areas, although some overlap exists.
They are the Northern Premier League which covers the north of England, with one club from North Wales , Southern Football League which covers the Midlands, south and southwest of England, with one club from South Wales and the Isthmian League which includes clubs from the south east of England as well as Guernsey from the Channel Islands.
All of the leagues have Premier Divisions of 22 teams Level 7. Below these, and split by region, the Northern Premier League and Southern Football League each have two parallel divisions of 20 teams Level 8.
The Isthmian League has three parallel level 8 divisions of 20 teams each as well. Level 9 contains the top divisions of a large group of fourteen sub-regional leagues.
Each of these leagues has a different divisional set up, but they all have one thing in common: Being members of a league at a particular level also affects eligibility for Cup, or single-elimination, competitions.
For instance the FA Cup saw 77 teams compete from Level 10 out of the in total at that level. Below Level 11 the pyramid becomes regional and the cups become accordingly regional.
Further down the pyramid is split on a county basis, counties having their own cups accordingly. This excludes some tournaments marked "Senior Cups", which often are competitions between teams representing top professional clubs in a given district, and may be little more than derbies, such as the Gloucestershire Cup , which originally included all teams in Gloucestershire , but then came to be contested as a Bristol derby.
The table below shows the current structure of the system. For each division, its official name, sponsorship name for levels 1—8, if it differs from its historic name and number of clubs is given.
At levels 1—8, each division promotes to the division s that lie directly above it and relegates to the division s that lie directly below it. Below that level, individual league articles detail promotion and relegation arrangements.
Level one in the pyramid, the top division of English football, is run by the Premier League which gives its name to the competition in that division , the winners of which are regarded as the champions of England.
Levels two to four are run by the English Football League. Together, these four divisions make up what is known as "league football".
The leagues below level four are classed as "non-League football", meaning they are outside the EFL.
The top level level 5 of the NLS is known as "step 1" by the FA, the next level 6 as "step 2", and so on. Premier League 20 clubs — 3 relegations.
EFL Championship 24 clubs — 3 promotions, 3 relegations. EFL League One 24 clubs — 3 promotions, 4 relegations. EFL League Two 24 clubs — 4 promotions, 2 relegations.
National League 24 clubs — 2 promotions, 4 relegations. National League North 22 clubs — 2 promotions, 3 relegations.
National League South 22 clubs — 2 promotions, 3 relegations. Northern Premier League Premier Division 22 clubs — promotions, 3 relegations.
Southern League Central Division 22 clubs — promotions, 3 relegations. Southern League South Division 22 clubs — promotions, 3 relegations.
Isthmian League Premier Division 22 clubs — promotions, 3 relegations. Southern League Division One Central 20 clubs — p, 2r. Southern League Division One South 20 clubs — p, 2r.
Isthmian League Division One North 20 clubs — p, 2r. The system is only defined as far as level What follows is a representation of one possible structure, should the system be defined further.
No league has its top division at level This is the lowest level at which any league has its top division.